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Cinema and the moving picturesHome » Themes » Cinema and the moving pictures
Cinema and the moving pictures
Moving pictures were first shown in Wales around the turn of the 20th century and were screened in music halls before the appearance of purpose-built cinemas.
The Electric Cinema on Queen Street, which opened in 1909, was the first purpose-built cinema in Cardiff. Many more were built over the following decade and by 1920 there were 252 cinemas throughout Wales. It was around this time that the general public began to swarm to the cinemas and they became a medium for anglo-american culture.
The popularity of cinema continued to increase until the 1950s and 1960s. The television becoming a household item had an impact on the market and several cinemas and film studios closed as a result.
Nevertheless, cinema has retained much of its appeal throughout the twentieth century and has enjoyed a revival with the introduction of multi-screen cinemas in the 1990s.
Items on the Gathering the Jewels website:
D. Berry, Wales and Cinema (Cardiff, 1994)
The Welsh Academy Encylopaedia of Wales (Cardiff, 2008)